At the end this act, John Proctor delivers a short monologue anticipating the imminent loss of the disguises of propriety worn by himself and other members of the Salem community. But others thrive on the hysteria as well: How does this philosophy perpetuate hysteria? These connections will bolster your responses by positioning them in relation to the most Themes in the crucible concepts discussed throughout the play.
Hysteria Another critical theme in The Crucible is the role that hysteria can play in tearing apart a community. Rebecca Nurse and, eventually, John Proctor, choose to protect their integrity. Rebecca Nurse, a woman Themes in the crucible character was previously thought to be unimpeachable, is accused and arrested.
How does reputation influence who is first accused of witchcraft? The authorities ignore any inconvenient logical objections to the proceedings because they, too, are swept up in the madness. Parris, Abigail, and others to protect their reputations. The other two main female characters, Elizabeth and Mary Warren, are somewhat bland.
Reputation Reputation is tremendously important in theocratic Salem, where public and private moralities are one and the same. Hale also makes some unintentionally ironic statements in Act 1 when he begins his investigation.
He appears to have no governing system of morality. Danforth explains that witchcraft is an invisible crime and that only the victims are reliable. Will you confess yourself with him? By refusing to relinquish his name, he redeems himself for his earlier failure and dies with integrity.
Nowhere is there any consideration of ulterior motives. Act 1 There are several ironies in Act 1 that center around Abigail Williams. The judges cannot force her to commit herself to a lie, and her martyrdom severely damages their legitimacy and favor amongst the townspeople.
This new power is exciting and very dangerous because it encourages the girls to make additional accusations in order to preserve their value in the eyes of the court. You can also read my full summary of The Crucible here for a review of exactly what happens in the plot in each act.
Reputation Concern for reputation is a theme that looms large over most of the events in The Crucible. Reputation and Integrity Reputation is the way that other people perceive you. What are their strengths and personal flaws? People in power continue to believe the accusers out of fear for their own safety, taking the hysteria to a point where no one is above condemnation.
John attempts to crush his guilt instead of facing it, which only ends up making it an even more destructive factor in his life. Themes can be expressed in many different ways. If Tituba was permitted to explain what really happened, the ensuing tragedy might have been prevented.
The prisoners have lost all faith in earthly authority figures and look towards the judgment of God. His guilt leads to great tension in interactions with Elizabeth because he projects his feelings onto her, accusing her of being judgmental and dwelling on his mistakes.
She continues to act under the assumption that his reputation is of the utmost importance to him, and she does not reveal the affair.
Act 2 In this act, we learn more details about the accused that paint a clearer picture of the influence of reputation and social standing on the patterns of accusations.
The only power they have left is in refusing to confess and preserving their integrity. Download it for free now: Goody Proctor is a gossiping liar! No one will listen to Tituba until she agrees to confirm the version of events that the people in traditional positions of authority have already decided is true, a pattern which continues throughout the play.
Though Danforth is the most powerful official figure in court, Abigail manipulates him easily with her performance as a victim of witchcraft.
The town slips further and further into chaos and paranoia until it reaches a point of total devastation. Hale wrongly assumes that his academic mindset will save him from jumping to the wrong conclusions in the witchcraft investigation.The events of the Salem Witch Trials of are similar to the McCarthy trials, events that directly affected playwright Arthur Miller.
When one combines this 20th century event with the textual evidence in The Crucible, it is clear that integrity and hysteria are key themes of the play.
Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.
Intolerance The Crucible is set in a theocratic society, in which the church and the state are one, and the religion is a strict, austere form of Protestantism known as Puritanism.
(Click the themes infographic to download.) Most of the characters in The Crucible are lying—if not to other people, then to themselves.
Abigail lies about her ability to. The Crucible is a play by Arthur Miller. The Crucible study guide contains a biography of Arthur Miller, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
But these themes aren't always easy to explain or dissect in the context of the play, and they can be even harder to develop into essays.
Read on for an overview of what a theme is, a list of important themes in The Crucible with specific act-by-act details, and a summary of how to use this information in your essays and other assignments.
LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Crucible, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
Puritanism and Individuality Puritan society required that its members follow strict guidelines of social order.Download