Morality by kant and mill essay

A Comparison between the Moral Philosophy of John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant The discussion on Moral Philosophy and ethics has always been a controversial and very debatable topic, especially if we are to discuss each and every philosophy or ideology of every philosopher starting off from Greece up to the Post Modernists.

They should be the principles of human life. He states that whatever has a price can be easily replaced by something else of the same value as it but whatever has a dignity can never be replaced.

A Comparison between the Moral Philosophy of John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant

This general kind of theory can perhaps be most easily understood by considering the form of consequentialism. Kant explains that because we are all rational beings, we are able to separate ourselves from our current human condition and use our own ability to reason to see a broad picture of what is morally acceptable to others.

Mill and Kant are both philosophers whom have made great impact on their particular fields of philosophy and a critique of their theories in relation to each other may help develop a better understanding to them and their theories individually.

Yet, dreading doing something good and still doing it generally appears to be less morally worthy than doing something good because it is the right thing to do. Mill believes strongly in judging an action based upon its effects commonly referred to as consequentialism.

A simple example of this is asking a person for the time, and the person responds with the time as expected. The moral or categorical imperative is unconditional whereas the hypothetical imperative is not.

Kant sees this distinction and goes on to explain that a numerical value cannot be placed on something that has intrinsic value. We can generally know that the person will give us a reasonable answer due to our past experiences at asking the time from other people or being asked for the time.

The metaphysics of morals. Thus, whereas Bentham maintained that the "quality of pleasure being equal, push-pin is as good as poetry," Mill contended that "it is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied," that is, human discontent is better than animal fulfillment.

Happiness for him is still the ultimate of human conduct. Mill answers that that which is desirable is that we ought to choose. This means that regardless of our wants, needs or desires the force of the obligation still holds.

Despite the many claims that both viewpoints have certain weak points, these theories have many strengths as well. Unlike a hypothetical imperative, one can conclude that, if the circumstances obtain, one really ought to act.

On Kant and Mill’s Ethics - Assignment Example

Contact our live support team for any assistance or inquiry. Overall, both of these versions of the categorical imperative state a similar message in that they basically add up to be a modified version of the Golden Rule.

Kant grounds morality in forms that he believes, are necessary to free and rational practical judgment, namely his deontological ethics. If you choose to lie to the officer, you are not acting upon the categorical imperative because you are taking conditions into account before deciding which action is the worthier of the two.

According to him, a sense of duty directs our moral thought. His reasoning follows the line of understanding that the focus of power in a society can shift rapidly, so the minority must be supported in case the majority one day becomes the minority.

His ethical theory has been more influential than his work in epistemology and metaphysics. To be moral one cannot have the condition of "if I want to achieve some end, then do X", but simply "do X". It shall only serve as a way of pleasing everybody, even the immoral Sullivan A Nazi officer comes to your door and asks you if you have any Jewish people in your house Kania Lecture, Fall He states that everything that exists has either a price or a dignity.

However, Kant shows that the acceptable formation of the moral law cannot be merely hypothetical because our actions cannot be moral on the ground of some conditional purpose or goal.

He created three formulations of categorical imperatives that serve as theories that are almost the same. Your intention is to push the child out of the way of the bus, but even though you tried to save his or her life, you were not fast enough.

Mill creates a world where ones happiness can be judged. This was a way, which suggested that morality should only be derived from events or things that one can tell only from reasoning, and should not be derived from experiences that one encounters.

Further elaborating on this subject, Kant postulates two different forms of the categorical imperative; the first says that one should only act in accordance with a maxim that he or she wills to be a universal law often known as the concept of universalizationwhile the second states that others should be treated only as an end, not merely as a means to an end.

Following the idea of doing the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people, it would seem that this idea encourages stifling the least amount of people.

It teaches that one needs to act in a way that ensures the happiness of those around them. Mill was trying to build a moral system that was based on duty, by stating that which ought to do upon what in fact we already do. It is in that light that both theories can be considered roughly equal — where one philosophy drops off, the other generally picks up.

He claims that happiness is more valuable than contentment. One last criticism of Mill comes from a point raised by Bernard Williams: Mill believes, that a hedonist should, maintain that pleasures involving cultivated intellectual, emotional, and imaginative faculties are intrinsically better.

Hence, moral agents cannot be instrumentalized to reach an end but are ends in themselves. Mill, in his later work, On Liberty, adds deontologicalism to correct his consequentialist view.Philosophy- ETHICAL THEORIES kant and mill.

Ethical Theories John Mill’s theory of utilitarianism is one of the greatest ethical theories to have ever been written. Essay on Kant: Morality and Kant; Essay on Kant: Morality and Kant.

Immanuel Kant's Ethics of Pure Duty

Submitted By apellegrin0. Kant and Mill Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher born in and died in His philosophical writings influenced people, not only in Europe but throughout the world. Kant: Morality and Kant Essay. - Immanuel Kant's The Grounding For The Metaphysics of Morals and John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are philosophers who addressed the issues of morality in terms of how moral traditions are formed.

Comparing Kant and Mill Essay; Comparing Kant and Mill Essay. Words 4 Pages. Comparing Kant and Mill Works Cited Missing Mill and Kant: Utilitarian Morality Words | 4 Pages. 1. In his discussion of the first formulation of the categorical imperative (Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it.

A Comparison between the Moral Philosophy of John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant The discussion on Moral Philosophy and ethics has always been a controversial and very debatable topic, especially if we are to discuss each and every philosophy or ideology of every philosopher starting off from Greece up to the Post Modernists.

Free Essay: The ethical systems of Kant and Mill: A comparison and contrast Ricardo Renta What part does happiness play in determining the morality of an act.

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Morality by kant and mill essay
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