In the US, the transition happened under the influence of the educational reformer Horace Mann. In contrast, high school students in other countries such as the United States may not be required to take a standardized test to graduate.
The main purpose of this examination was to select able candidates for specific governmental positions. As the profession transitioned to the modern mass-education system, the style of examination became fixed, with the stress on standardized papers to be sat by large numbers of students.
For example, a test taker who intends to become a lawyer is usually required by a governing body such as a governmental bar licensing agency to pass a bar exam. Grades or test scores from standardized test may also be used by universities to determine if a student applicant should be admitted into one of its academic or professional programs.
Test scores of students in specific grades of an educational institution are then used to determine the status of that educational institution, i.
Inthe first Advanced Placement AP test was administered to begin closing the gap between high schools and colleges.
Standardized tests are sometimes used by certain countries to manage the quality of their educational institutions. Finally, standardized tests are sometimes used to compare proficiencies of students from different institutions or countries.
British civil service was influenced by the imperial examinations system and meritocratic system of China. Tests were used to determine the mental aptitude of recruits to the military. A proctor or invigilator may also be present during the testing period to provide instructions, to answer questions, or to prevent cheating.
This shift decisively helped to move education into the modern era, by standardizing expanding curricula in the sciences and humanitiescreating a rationalized method for the evaluation of teachers and institutions and creating a basis for the streaming of students according to ability.
For example, the No Child Left Behind Act in the United States requires individual states to develop assessments for students in certain grades. Education[ edit ] Students taking a scholarship examination inside a classroom in Written examinations had been unheard of before for European education.
Early history[ edit ] Ancient China was the first country in the world that implemented a nationwide standardized test, which was called the imperial examination.
It also had a great international influence and was adapted by members of the Commonwealth. This is an excerpt from the Tripos examination in Cambridge University.
Immigration and naturalization[ edit ] Standardized tests are also used in certain countries to regulate immigration. This was a tribute to its success in removing corruption, delivering public services even under the stress of two world warsand responding effectively to political change. Depending on the policies of the test maker or country, administration of standardized tests may be done in a large hall, classroom, or testing center.
Influenced by the ancient Chinese Imperial Examination, the Northcote—Trevelyan Report of made four principal recommendations: Leading the way in this regard was the burgeoning Civil Service that began to move toward a meritocratic basis for selection in the mid 19th century in England.
Civil service[ edit ] From the mid 19th century, universities began to institute written examinations to assess the aptitude of the pupils. In practice, these assessments typically appear in the form of standardized tests.A test or examination (informally, exam or evaluation) is an assessment intended to measure a test-taker's knowledge, skill, aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in many other topics (e.g., beliefs).
A test may be administered verbally, on paper, on a computer, or in a predetermined area that requires a test taker to demonstrate or perform a set of. North East Scotland College is one of Scotland's largest colleges offering high quality full and part–time education and training in a supportive learning environment.
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