Recently they have enjoyed the rock styles that were born, like the Beatles, in the slums, and in the last year, poetry written by ghetto children has become popular in literary circles.
The Alternatives I have described thirteen of the more important functions poverty and the poor satisfy in American society, enough to support the functionalist thesis that poverty, like any other social phenomenon, survives in part because it is useful to society or some of its parts.
Sociology Merton pointed out how the political machine provided central authority to get things done when a decentralized local government could not act, humanized the services of the impersonal bureaucracy for fearful citizens, offered concrete help rather than abstract law or justice to the poor, and otherwise performed services needed or demanded by many people but considered unconventional or even illegal by formal public agencies.
This analysis is not intended to suggest that because it is often functional, poverty should exist, or that it must exist. The poor pay out a lot in regressive tax revenue.
Republican policies are generally pro-business if not anti-poorand pro-human capital arguments those who want to advance must invest in their human capital.
This function is purely economic because it concentrates on retaining obsolete goods in the economy, much to the benefit of the upper class that sells such commodities after utilizing for years. In a hierarchical society, some people must be defined as inferior to everyone else with respect to a variety of attributes, but they need not be poor in the absolute sense.
Increasing wages might actually lessen the strain on welfare programs. Indeed, the poor keep receiving meager payments for their hard work without consideration that the rich can afford the said necessities and luxuries at higher prices. The poor aid in upward mobility of other groups. This develops from the lack of political and economic power to protest such operations.
Of course, it is possible to imagine urban renewal and highway projects that properly reimbursed the displaced people, but such projects would then become considerably more expensive, and many might never be built.
Their social policies are conservative. Modern variants of this are rap and hip hop. As a result, the Democrats can count on their votes, and be more responsive to voters — for example, the white working class — who might otherwise switch to the Republicans.
For example, domestics subsidize the upper middle and upper classes, making life easier for their employers and freeing affluent women for a variety of professional, cultural, civic and partying activities.
The functional alternatives of poverty revolves around the policies and systems that lead to only positive effects, while reducing the possibility of dysfunctions occurring.
The political functions of the poor would be more difficult to replace. And ultimately this means lower tax rates for the wealthier taxpayers.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Finally, hippies could serve also as more deviants to justify the existing political economy — as they already do. Parents who experience hard economic times may become excessively punitive and erratic, issuing demands backed by insults, threats, and corporal punishment.
However, what is less often recognized, at least by the conventional wisdom, is that poverty also makes possible the existence or expansion of respectable professions and occupations, for example, penology, criminology, social work, and public health.
The functional alternatives further help in diverting attention from the poor to other areas, with Gans illustrating adolescents, hippies, and entertainers as main culprits. For the same reason, universities, hospitals, and civic centers also expand into land occupied by the poor.
There are social workers, in the public, non-profit and private sector, professors who study poverty, etc. These groups choose the traits to portray usually positive ones and leave the negative traits, with hope of being appreciated by the other cultural groups.
With higher incomes and more political power, the poor would be likely to resist paying the costs of growth and change. Every society has such work: Who fought in Vietnam? Many of the industries textiles, auto, steel that previously offered employment to the black working class have shut down, while newer industries have relocated to the suburbs.
Eleventh, the poor, being powerless, can be made to absorb he costs of change and growth in American society. Where are these people likely to operate?
Nevermind the Fair Labor Standards Act, which says employees who work more than 40 hours a week must be paid time-and-a-half for their overtime.The Functionalist Belief On Poverty Sociology Essay.
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