Regardless of the earlier orders to hold fire, however, the discussion between Moctezuma and the Aztec leaders was immediately followed by an outbreak of violence.
What Moctezuma really meant could be to assert his own stature and multigenerational legitimacy. He brought with him a great wealth of treasure and a magnificent entourage.
Because of these things, many people in the Aztec Empire were unhappy. However, because so many people had died of smallpox, there were also not enough people left to fight against the conquistadors when they did come.
After subduing the neighbouring territories he laid siege to the city itself, conquering it street by street until its capture was completed on August 13, Later years In his restless urge to explore and conquer took him south to the jungles of Honduras.
This meant there were too many nobles and not enough commoners to do the everyday work in the Empire. During the siege of the city, the sons of Moctezuma were murdered by the Aztecs, possibly because they wanted to surrender.
When the Spanish conquistadors got to Tenochtitlan, they said the Aztecs often held public ceremonies. He also remarried, into a ducal family. His sense of the dramatic, his long experience as an administrator, the knowledge gained from so many failed expeditions, above all his ability as a speaker gathered to him six ships and men, all in less than a month.
However, workers were badly abusedand many died. Therefore, to give the Spanish the necessary legitimacy to wage war against the indigenous people, Cortes might just have said what the Spanish king needed to hear. His acceptance by the Indians and even his popularity as a relatively benign ruler was such that he could have established Mexico as an independent kingdom.
Four leaders of the Aztec army met with Moctezuma to talk, urging their countrymen to cease their constant firing upon the stronghold for a time. The conquests of Moctezuma II are marked by the colour green based on the maps by Ross Hassig in Aztec Warfare As a symbol of resistance towards Spanish the name of Moctezuma has been invoked in several indigenous rebellions.
Bythe Empire had other problems that made it easier for Spain to take it over. His property was seized by the officials he had left in charge, and reports of the cruelty of their administration and the chaos it created aroused concern in Spain.
Moctezuma ordered that he be kept informed of any new sightings of foreigners at the coast and posted extra watch guards to accomplish this. On the other hand, the indigenous accounts claim that he was killed by the Spanish prior to their leaving the city[ citation needed ]. Thou hast come to govern thy city of Mexico; thou hast come to descend upon thy mat, upon thy seat [throne], which for a moment I have watched for thee, which I have guarded for thee.
Several species of animals and plants such as Montezuma quailMontezuma oropendolaArgyrotaenia montezumae and Pinus montezumae have been named after him.
During his absence, tensions between Spaniards and Aztecs exploded into the Massacre in the Great Templeand Moctezuma became a hostage used by the Spaniards to ensure their security. The details of his death are unknown, with different versions of his demise given by different sources.
According to the Codex, the bodies of Moctezuma and Itzquauhtzin were cast out of the Palace by the Spanish; the body of Moctezuma was gathered up and cremated at Copulco.
The Aztec government was making the states they took over — and regular people in Tenochtitlan — pay more and more money in tribute s which were like taxes. This very contagious disease killed a huge number of Aztecs. In Book 12 of the twelve-volume Florentine Codexthe account in Spanish and Nahuatl is accompanied by illustrations by natives.
This victory marked the fall of the Aztec empire. By her he left a son, Asupacaci, who fell during the Noche Tristeand a daughter, Tecuichpobaptized as Isabel, married consecutively to Cuauhtemoc the last Mexican sovereignto visitador general Alonso Grado, to Pedro Andrade Gallego, and to Juan Cano de Saavedra.
He finally sailed for the island of Hispaniola now Santo Domingo in Also, according to the Spanish law, the king had no right to demand that foreign peoples become his subjects, but he had every right to bring rebels to heel.
They would invite the leaders of the states they took over to come. Motecuhzoma II is welcoming "Quetzalcoatl-Cortes This disease killed many Aztecs Aztecs being forced to work under the Encomienda system The Spanish burn Aztecs at the stake Aztec culture continues today.
Aftermath[ edit ] The Spaniards were forced to flee the city and they took refuge in Tlaxcala, and signed a treaty with them to conquer Tenochtitlan, offering to the Tlaxcalans freedom from any kind of tribute and the control of Tenochtitlan.
The two arduous years he spent on this disastrous expedition damaged his health and his position. This happened for a few reasons: Since the commoners were the ones that grew the food for the Empire, this meant there was not enough food for everyone. As Aztec rulers spoke an overly polite language that needed translation for his subjects to understand, it is difficult to find out what Moctezuma really said.Moctezuma II (c.
– 29 June ), variant spellings include Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma, Motēuczōmah, and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin (Moctezuma the Younger, modern Nahuatl pronunciation (help · info)), was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from to Successor: Cuitláhuac.
Cortes And Montezuma Edited Essay The text tells us that Montezuma and Cortes take many walks together. On one such walk Montezuma begins to question Cortes about Christianity. At this point Cortes has obviously explained the concept of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
Montezuma then asked the question of “where is the mother?”. They were admitted to the city by Montezuma so the Aztecs could learn the weaknesses of the Spanish.
This would be a poor move for the Aztec emperor, as Montezuma’s soldiers on the coast had killed many Spaniards, and word quickly reached Cortés, who decided to take Montezuma hostage.
Translated and edited by Anthony R. Pagden.
Sep 13, · Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés rap battles Aztec emperor Montezuma II to see which ruler is better. (Click "See more" for. The encounter of Cortes and Montezuma so very long ago was one that would forever alter how people would live their lives in years to come.
Because of this event happening so long ago, and not many accounts of the incident being documented firsthand other than by those who were actually there to witness them, little is known of the events other.
Montezuma II: Montezuma II, ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes.Download